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Proper Substrate care

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#1 richardsville


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Posted 24 June 2004 - 01:22 PM

OK, I am already planning out my new 75gallon tank that I will be purchasing here in a couple of weeks. Here is my plan...

Fish: Small Malwain Haps or Peacocks with a couple Victorian Haps and some Yellow Labs, Pearlmutts, and Rusties for some variation...maybe a polit too, we will see on the last one. I am also going to try a Ps Lanistcola (spelling) with some shells for him to live in. They are all going to be from a breeder and be about 1" in length when purchased.

Rocks: Various lace and lava rocks to make caves and hiding area, maybe some spawning too.

Plants: Plastic, I'm not brave enough for live ones.

Filtration: Probably a Penguin Bio Wheel type, I am still considering a canister type.

So what is going to be the best type of substrate. I guess I am going to have to decide between crushed coral and sand. What are the pro's and cons? Does crushed coral come in a sandy color, or do I need to choose between white and black? Can i vacume dookie out of the sand/coral and not get tons of my substrate in the dirty water bucket, or do I need a special vacume?

I guess what I need is to have the differences and maintenance explained to me. I know that sand is the natural habitat of Africans but I am scared that I would have to keep putting sand in the tank to maintain proper substrate levels...

Thanks ahead of time


#2 snatched


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Posted 24 June 2004 - 08:35 PM

Some of the crushed coral is a light tan color and some of it has a pink tint to it.

Cleaning sand it supposed to be pretty easy, you just hover the siphon about half an inch above the sand and it will suck up all the nastiness with minimal loss of sand. All the waste sits on the top of the sand instead of sinking into it like it does with gravel so you don't need to clean down into the sand. Cleaning crushed coral depends on the size of the grains, some of its chunky enough to clean just like gravel, some of its fine enough to clean like sand. If you keep your layer of sand thin enough (under one inch) you really shouldn't have to do any other maintenance to it.

It seems like everyone who has switched to sand likes it better (with the exception of a few people who tried to do heavily planted tanks in sand) so I'm going to try it out.

You should check out some of the fish supplies websites to see what substrate you like the look of best. I get catalogs from Dr. Foster & Smith, That Fish Place, and Pet Solutions all the time. They all send them out for free and its something to look through when your bored. Some of them actually have some useful information tucked into them too.

#3 frank_1947



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Posted 20 July 2004 - 02:02 AM


I can tell you about the filter, CANISTER, I just set up a 75 gal for tropicals, and bought a Fluval 404, you could drink this water, I also use a Fluval 204 on my 30gal cichlid tank, on both know problem, on the big one I have carbon on the bottom, 2nd i have zeo-card 3rd, amonia remover and last bio max, go to petsolutions.com best price.

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